Bangalore Rural District came into existence on 1st August 1986 with the division of erstwhile Bangalore District into Bangalore Rural and Bangalore (Urban). Again Bangalore Rural District has been further bifurcated into Bangalore Rural and Ramanagar in 2007. The new district physically almost surrounds the northern side of the Bangalore (Urban) District opening Hoskote Taluk in the East, ends Nelamangala Taluk in the west. The headquarters of the new district is at Bangalore itself. The district occupied 16th place in size, in the State. Bangalore Rural District is located in the South-Eastern corner of Karnataka State. Spanning a Geographical area of 2,259 sq.km, the district lies stretched between the latitudinal parallels of 12’ 15’ N and 13’ 35’ N on the one hand and the longitudinal meridians of 77 05’ E and 78 E on the other. The district is on the plateau with an average elevation of 629 to 950 metres from mean Sea level has ranges of Hills which are actually spurs of the Eastern Ghats, Stretching northwards with peaks like the Banantimari Betta, Mudawadi Betta, Bilikal Betta, Siddadevara Betta, etc. in the South-West side. The Savandurga and Shivaganga peaks are another row of Hill ranges, spreading upto the Nandi Hills running across the Bangalore(Urban) district. Bangalore Rural District had many prehistoric sites at places like Jadigenahalli (Hosakote Taluk). The District abounds in wonderful Tourist spots. Places of scenic beauty, tall Hills, forts and beautiful monuments beckon the Tourists to visit them. The new district forms a part of Deccan Plateau and the rock formation belong to the category of peninsular Gneiss. The Granite Gneisses that abound in Nelamangala, Devanahalli and Taluks have created captivating Landscapes all along and they have provided jobs to hundreds engaged in quarrying. N.H.-4, N.H-7, N.H-48 and N.H-209 passes through the district.
The Arkavati and the Dakshina Pinakini are the tributary Rivers which flow through the District in the General Direction from North to South. Cultivable lands are mainly rain-fed and dry farming is a characteristic feature of the district. By and large this Rural district is Agricultural, Ragi is the main crop, though mulberry is raised over considerable tracts. The climate of the district is salubrious and very agreeable. It is devoid of extremes. But rainfall is meager, and as no major river flows in the district Irrigation facilities are also limited. This district too had often suffered from deficit and capricious rainfall conditions and the resultant phenomenon of crop failure. The contribution of Horticulture to the economy of the district is quite substantial. The district has considerable tracts under Horticultural crops like mango and Grapes . Betel vine Gardens are also seen in many places. Animal Husbandry is being Practiced since Generations as an adjunct to Agriculture. A high degree of Urbanisation Of Bangalore city has enhanced the economic importance of dairy, poultry keeping and Horticulture which provide livelihood to a very large section . considerable numbers are also engaged in raising sheep for wool, rolling beedies and agarbattis as well. Vijayapura have been the most notable centers of Sericulture, Doddaballapura and Devanahalli are remembered for prosperous silk weaving Industry.
ORIGIN OF NAME:
The Bangalore Rural District derives its name from its head quarters town, Bangalore and majority of the district consists of Rural Areas. The earliest reference to the name is seen in a Ninth Century Ganga Inscription from Begur as ‘ Benguluru' ‘The present name Bangalore is the Anglicised form of Bengaluru. A popular story tries to suggest the origin of Bengaluru ‘ from ‘ Bendakaluru `, Hoysala Ballala, during his long journey is stated to have been fed by an old women , with Benda kalu (Boiled beans). The prince named the place as ‘Benda kala uru ‘
The District lies in the southern maidan region of the State and is by and large an open country which is lacking in natural barriers. Bangalore Rural District is bounded on the North by Tumkur, Chikkaballapur and Kolar Districts: on the South by Bangalore Urban District, east by Kolar District and Tamil Nadu State and on the West by Tumkur and Ramanagar Districts. The outline map of the district seems to roughly resemble a human ear, the hollow in the center and the portion connecting the ear to the head representing the Bangalore (Urban) district.
AREA AND POPULATION:
Bangalore Rural district has an area of 2,259 sq.km, and it forms about 3% of the Total area of the State. As per 2011 Census, the total Population of the district is 9,87,257 out of which Male population is 5,07,486 and Female population is 4,79,771. The density of population is 441(per sq.km) and Sex ratio is 945(females per 1000 males).
HISTORY OF THE DISTRICT AS AN ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT :
Historically, the earliest dynasty which established its way over this district is that of the Gangas. In about the fourth century A.D., the Gangas established themselves at Kolar and the territory comprised in Bangalore Rural district formed part of Gangavadi. Honganur of Channapatna Taluk was the chief town of a sub-division called Chikka Gangavadi, which occupied the Shimsha valley. During the Seventh century, Mankund was a place of great importance and was the second royal residence of Ganga Bhuvikrama (654-79) and also of Shivamara(679-726). In the eight century Shri Purusha made Manyapura (Manne of Nelamangala Taluk) his royal residence and later it was a major center under the Rashtrakutas. Manne or Mannekadakam of Tamil records had been the headquarters of Rashtrakutas Governor Kambarasa. Certain parts of the district, especially in the East, were held by the Nolamb Pallavas.
The major portion of Bangalore rural district lies in the Arkavati valley. The Arkavati and the Dakshina pinakini (southern Pennar) are the rivers which flow through the district in the general direction from north to south.
Shivagange Betta near Dabaspet and Vijayavittal Temple at Arasinakunte in Nelamangala Taluk. Tippu Sultan Fort and International Airport in Devanahalli Taluk. Ghati Subramanya Swamy Temple in Doddaballapura Taluk are some of the important tourist spots. Doddaballapura Taluk is famous for Handlooms and having Industrial area & Apparel Park.
Bangalore Rural District consists of 4 Taluks namely: